- Ports and Stops on the
- Wadi Arabah
- Wadi Fiqreh
- Gaza (Jenysos)
- Who were the ancient
Arab Sea Traders?
- Southern Arabia
- Ancient Sailing and
- History & Construction
of the Dhow
- Parallel Maritime
- The Incense Road
When the Nabataeans began to export incense via the maritime
route on the Red Sea, Berenike developed into a trade emporium.
Some of the cargoes included: spices, myrrh, frankincense, pearls
and textiles. These were all shipped via Berenike to Alexandria
|Around 275 BC, Ptolemy II (Philadelphos), king
of Egypt, founded a port on the Red Sea coast. He named it after
his mother, Berenike I. This port was originally created to aid
in the importation of elephants
for Ptolemy's army. Berenike is a natural harbor, protected against
the prevailing northern winds by a large peninsula. (See photo
on the right). As the Nabataeans were known to prey on Red Sea
shipping, it was desirable to have a safe port as far to the
south as possible. From Berenike there were overland routes through
the Eastern desert to the Nile valley. These routes were protected
by caravansaries that provided the caravans with water and shelter.
- Please visit Egypt Voyager.com
Until 1994 little was known about the port of Berenike. It
was even unclear when the port had been abandoned. However, in
1994, Steven E. Sidebotham, a professor of ancient history at
the University of Delaware began an excavation of the site. You
can read his report by following the link below.